SHORT HISTORY OF OUR NATIONAL ANTHEM

Star Gazer

Chief Minister (5k+ posts)
I wanted to share this little piece of history with my country men and women.
(Courtesy of wikipedia)

The Qaum? Tar?na (Urdu: ???? ?????) is the National Anthem of Pakistan. It should be noted that the words Qaumi Tarana in Urdu literally translate to National Anthem. The Pakistani national anthem is unique in that its music preceded its lyrics. At independence, on August 14, 1947, Pakistan did not have a national anthem. When the flag was hoisted at the independence ceremony it was accompanied by the song, "Pakistan Zindabad, Azadi Paendabad". The flag itself had only been approved by the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan three days earlier.[1][2][3] Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, asked Lahore-based Hindu writer, Jagannath Azad on August 9, 1947 to write a national anthem for Pakistan in five days.[4].[5] The anthem written by Azad was quickly approved by Jinnah, and it was played on Radio Pakistan.[6] Azad's work remained as Pakistans national anthem for approximately eighteen months, despite competition from a rival attempt by B.T. Baghar.

Information on the first anthem by Azad is very sparse. The lines presented below, were originally quoted by the Dawn newspaper[6]


?? ?????? ???
??? ???? ??? ??
?????? ?? ??????
???? ?? ?????? ?? ????
?? ???? ??? Ai sarzam?n-e-P?k

Zarre tere hain ?j
Sit?ron se t?bn?k
Roshan hain kehkash?n se kah?n
?j ter? x?k O land of Pakistan,

Each particle of yours
Is more illuminated than stars.
Today your dust
Is brighter than the galaxy
1949 - Musical composition by Ahmad G. Chagla (running time, 1 minute 20 seconds)
1952 - Verses written by Hafeez Jullundhri, selected from 723 entries
1954 - Released on Radio Pakistan on 13 August. Singers of the anthem were: Ahmad Rushdi, Shamim Bano, Kokab Jehan, Rasheeda Begum, Najam Ara, Naseema Shaheen, Zwar Hussain, Akhtar Abbas, Ghulam Dastgir, Anwar Zaheer and Akhtar Wassi.
 
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Star Gazer

Chief Minister (5k+ posts)
SHORT HISTORY OF OUR NATIONAL ANTHEM PART 2

This is remaninig part of the short history of our National Anthem.

In early 1948, A. R. Ghani from Transvaal, South Africa, offered two prizes of five thousand rupees each for the poet and composer of a new national anthem. The prizes were announced through a Government press note published in June 1948. In December 1948, a National Anthem Committee (NAC) was formed, initially chaired by the Information Secretary, Sheikh Muhammad Ikram. Committee members included several politicians, poets and musicians such as Abdur Rab Nishtar, Ahmed Chagla and Hafeez Jullundhri. The committee had some difficulty at first in finding suitable music and lyrics.

In 1950, the impending state visit of the Shah of Iran, resulted in the Government asking the NAC to submit an anthem without delay. The committee chairman, Federal Minister for Education, Fazlur Rahman, asked several poets and composers to write lyrics but none of the submitted works were deemed suitable. The NAC also examined several different tunes and eventually selected the one presented by Chagla and submitted it for formal approval. Chagla produced the musical composition in collaboration with another committee member and assisted by the Pakistan Navy band.[7]

The music of the anthem was composed by Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla, with lyrics written by Abu-Al-Asar Hafeez Jullundhri. The three stanza composition was officially adopted in 1954. However, the music for the anthem had been composed in 1950 and had been used on several occasions before official adoption. The lyrics allude to a "Sacred Land" referring to Pakistan and a "Flag of the Crescent and Star" referring to the national flag. Unofficially, the anthem is sometimes referred to by its first line "P?k sarzam?n sh?d b?d" (Urdu: "Blessed be the sacred land"). The national anthem is played during any event involving the hoisting of the flag, for example Pakistan Day (March 23) and Independence Day (August 14).

The anthem without lyrics was performed for Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan and later for the National Anthem Committee on August 10, 1950.[8] Although it was approved for playing during the visit of the Shah, official recognition was not given until August 1954.[8] The anthem was also played during the Prime Minister's visit to the United States. The NAC distributed records of the composed tune amongst prominent poets, who responded by writing and submitting several hundred songs for evaluation by the NAC. Eventually, the lyrics written by Jullundhri were approved and the new national anthem was first played properly on Radio Pakistan on August 13, 1954.[9] Official approval was announced by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting on August 16, 1954. The composer Chagla had however died in 1953, before the new national anthem was officially adopted. In 1955 there was a performance of the national anthem involving eleven major singers of Pakistan including Ahmad Rushdi.[10]
 

rajakhanmd

Senator (1k+ posts)
I wanted to share this little piece of history with my country men and women.
(Courtesy of wikipedia)

Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, asked Lahore-based Hindu writer, Jagannath Azad on August 9, 1947 to write a national anthem for Pakistan in five days.[4].[5] The anthem written by Azad was quickly approved by Jinnah, and it was played on Radio Pakistan.[6] Azad's work remained as Pakistan’s national anthem for approximately eighteen months, despite competition from a rival attempt by B.T. Baghar.


This is false and fabricated information that Mr. Jagganath wrote the first N.A. for Pakistan. Please refer to the following article for details.



http://jang.com.pk/jang/jun2010-daily/06-06-2010/col4.htm
 
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