Why Allah sent Messengers (AS) to guide us, Why not Angels ?

Pakistani1947

Chief Minister (5k+ posts)
The disbelievers have always found it strange that Allah sent a human as His Messenger and they said,

(Qur'an 25:21) ۞ وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَرْجُونَ لِقَاءَنَا لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ عَلَيْنَا الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَوْ نَرَىٰ رَبَّنَا ۗ لَقَدِ اسْتَكْبَرُوا فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ وَعَتَوْا عُتُوًّا كَبِيرًا
And those who expect not a Meeting with Us (i.e. those who deny the Day of Resurrection and the life of the Hereafter) said: "Why are not the angels sent down to us, or why do we not see our Lord?" Indeed they think too highly of themselves, and are scornful with great pride.
اور ان لوگوں نے کہا جو ہم سے ملنے کی امید نہیں رکھتے کہ ہمارے پاس فرشتے کیوں نہ بھیجے گئے یا ہم اپنے رب کو دیکھ لیتے البتہ انہوں نے اپنے آپ کو بہت بڑاسمجھ لیا ہے اور بہت بڑی سرکشی کی ہے

Ad-Dahhak reported Ibn Abbas (رضی اللہ عنھا) saying, 'When Allah sent Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as a Messenger, most of the Arabs denied him and his message, and said, 'Allah is greater than sending a human Messenger like Muhammad.' [Quoted from Tafseer Ibn Katheer] Allah said concerning

The nature of angels is different from the nature of man, and the Mercy and Wisdom of Allah dictated that Messengers to humans should be of their own kind.
(Qur'an 17:94) وَمَا مَنَعَ النَّاسَ أَن يُؤْمِنُوا إِذْ جَاءَهُمُ الْهُدَىٰ إِلَّا أَن قَالُوا أَبَعَثَ اللَّهُ بَشَرًا رَّسُولًا
And nothing prevented men from believing when the guidance came to them, except that they said: "Has Allah sent a man as (His) Messenger?"
اورلوگوں کو ایمان لانے سے جب کہ ان کے پاس ہدایت آ گئی صرف اسی چیز نے روکا ہے کہ کہنے لگے کیا الله نے آدمی کو رسول بنا کر بھیجا ہے
(Qur'an 17:94) قُل لَّوْ كَانَ فِي الْأَرْضِ مَلَائِكَةٌ يَمْشُونَ مُطْمَئِنِّينَ لَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ مَلَكًا رَّسُولًا
Say: "If there were on the earth, angels walking about in peace and security, We should certainly have sent down for them from the heaven an angel as a Messenger."

کہہ دو اگر زمین میں فرشتے اطمینان سے چلتے پھرتے ہوتے تو ہم آسمان سے ان پر فرشتہ ہی رسول بنا کر بھیجتے

Imam Ibn Katheer (رحمۃ الله وبرکاتہ) writes in the Tafseer of the verse (17): 94-95, 'Allah says pointing out His Kindness and Mercy towards His servants, that He sends to them Messengers of their own kind so that they will understand what he says and will be able to speak to him directly. If He were to send to humanity a Messenger from among the angels, they would not be able to deal with him face to face and learn from him, as Allah says:
(Qur'an 3:164) لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ بَعَثَ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِّنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِن كَانُوا مِن قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ
Indeed Allah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) from among themselves, reciting unto them His Verses (the Qur'an), and purifying them (from sins by their following him), and instructing them (in) the Book (the Qur'an) and Al-Hikmah [the wisdom and the Sunnah of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم (i.e. his legal ways, statements, acts of worship)], while before that they had been in manifest error.
الله نے ایمان والوں پر احسان کیا ہے جو ان میں انہیں میں سے رسول بھیجا ان پر اس کی آیتیں پڑھتا ہے اور انہیں پاک کرتا ہے اور انہیں کتاب اور دانش سکھاتا ہے اگرچہ وہ اس سے پہلے صریح گمراہی میں تھے

Allah says here, 'Say, 'If there were on the earth, angels walking about in peace and security,' just as you do, 'We should certainly have sent down for them from the heaven an angel as a Messenger,' meaning 'one of their own kind. But as you are human, We have sent to you Messengers from yourselves, as a kindness and a mercy.' [end quote]

Allah says in another verse:
(Qur'an 6:8) وَقَالُوا لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ عَلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ ۖ وَلَوْ أَنزَلْنَا مَلَكًا لَّقُضِيَ الْأَمْرُ ثُمَّ لَا يُنظَرُونَ
And they say: "Why has not an angel been sent down to him?" Had We sent down an angel, the matter would have been judged at once, and no respite would be granted to them.
اور کہتے ہیں اس پر کوئی فرشتہ کیوں نہیں اتارا گیا اور اگر ہم فرشتہ اتارے تو اب تک فیصلہ ہو چکا ہوتا پھر انہیں مہلت نہ دی جاتی


(Qur'an 6:9) وَلَوْ جَعَلْنَاهُ مَلَكًا لَّجَعَلْنَاهُ رَجُلًا وَلَلَبَسْنَا عَلَيْهِم مَّا يَلْبِسُونَ
And had We appointed him an angel, We indeed would have made him a man, and We would have certainly confused them in which they are already confused (i.e. the Message of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم).
اور اگر ہم کسی کو فرشتہ کو رسول بنا کر بھیجتے تو وہ بھی آدمی ہی کی صورت میں ہوتا اور انہیں اسی میں شبہ میں ڈالے جس میں اب مبتلا ہیں

'Meaning, if We had sent an angel along with the human Messenger, or if We had sent an angel as a Messenger to mankind, he would be in the shape of a man so that they would be able to speak to him and benefit from his teachings. In this case, the angel (in the shape of a human) will also cause confusion for them, just as the confusion they caused themselves over accepting humans as Messengers!...' [See, Tafseer Ibn Katheer]

Nevertheless, the disbeliever's demand to see the angels and to have a Messenger from among the angels was no more than stubbornness on their part. It was not a request for guidance, and even if it were to happen, they would never believe:

(Qur'an 6:111) ۞ وَلَوْ أَنَّنَا نَزَّلْنَا إِلَيْهِمُ الْمَلَائِكَةَ وَكَلَّمَهُمُ الْمَوْتَىٰ وَحَشَرْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ قُبُلًا مَّا كَانُوا لِيُؤْمِنُوا إِلَّا أَن يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَجْهَلُونَ
And even if We had sent down unto them angels, and the dead had spoken unto them, and We had gathered together all things before their very eyes, they would not have believed, unless Allah willed, but most of them behave ignorantly.
اور اگر ہم ان پر فرشتے بھی اتار دیں اور ان سے مردے باتیں بھی کریں اور ان کے سامنے ہم ہر چیز کو زندہ بھی کر دیں تو بھی یہ لوگ ایمان لانے والے نہیں مگر یہ کہ الله چاہے لیکن اکثر ان میں سے جاہل ہیں

Thus, Allah said in reply to the disbeliever's demand that the day on which they would see the Angels would be a bad day for them, because the disbelievers will see the angels when death approaches or when the punishment is about to befall them:

(Qur'an 25:21) ۞ وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَرْجُونَ لِقَاءَنَا لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ عَلَيْنَا الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَوْ نَرَىٰ رَبَّنَا ۗ لَقَدِ اسْتَكْبَرُوا فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ وَعَتَوْا عُتُوًّا كَبِيرًا
And those who expect not a Meeting with Us (i.e. those who deny the Day of Resurrection and the life of the Hereafter) said: "Why are not the angels sent down to us, or why do we not see our Lord?" Indeed they think too highly of themselves, and are scornful with great pride.
اور ان لوگوں نے کہا جو ہم سے ملنے کی امید نہیں رکھتے کہ ہمارے پاس فرشتے کیوں نہ بھیجے گئے یا ہم اپنے رب کو دیکھ لیتے البتہ انہوں نے اپنے آپ کو بہت بڑاسمجھ لیا ہے اور بہت بڑی سرکشی کی ہے


(Qur'an 25:22) يَوْمَ يَرَوْنَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ لَا بُشْرَىٰ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُجْرِمِينَ وَيَقُولُونَ حِجْرًا مَّحْجُورًا
On the Day they will see the angels - no glad tidings will there be for the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners) that day. And they (angels) will say: "All kinds of glad tidings are forbidden to you,".
جس دن فرشتوں کو دیکھیں گے اس دن مجرموں کے لیے کوئی خوشی نہیں ہو گی اورکہیں گے آڑ کر دی جائے

Moreover, seeing and keeping contact with the angels is not an easy task because the nature and creation of angels is different from those of the human beings. Ad-Dahhak said that Ibn Abbas said about the verse (Qur'an 6:9), 'If an angel was sent to them, he would come in the shape of a man. This is because they will not be able to look at the angel due to light.' [Quoted from Ibn Katheer]

Although, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was the best of mankind and was physically and spiritually stronger, when he saw Jibraeel (عليه السلام) in his true form, he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) fainted. Imam Ahmad (1:322) recorded that Abdullah ibn Abbas said, 'The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) asked Jibraeel to appear himself to him in his original shape and Jibraeel said to him, 'Invoke your Lord.' The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) invoked his Lord, the Exalted and Most Honored, and a huge figure appeared to him from the east and kept rising and spreading. When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) saw Jibraeel in his original shape, he was knocked unconscious. Jibraeel came down and revived the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and wiped the saliva off his cheeks.

Another wisdom behind the human origin of the Messengers is that all the Messengers had the same attributes as the other human beings to whom they were sent, including physical bodies which needed food, drink and rest. They had experiences similar to that of other human beings; they enjoyed health and suffered from sickness, they were exposed to trials and tribulations and they also faced death. They had no special divine qualities, power or strength. Thus, they could become a living example of the Deen they were sent with. This also discards any possibility of anyone arguing that the nature of the Messengers was different from the humans and thus, they could effectively accomplish all the duties of the religion, which are unfeasible for the humans to carry out. Thus, the sending of humans as Messengers is a greater test, it is mentioned in a Qudsi Hadeeth that Allah said, 'I have only sent you (i.e., Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alahi wa-sallam) in order to test you and to test others by you.' [Mukhtasar Saheeh Muslim by al-Mundhiri, p.283]

So, the disbelievers during the time of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) rejected the message of Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) because he was a human being from among themselves and their argument was, 'How could a human being be a Prophet?' for they had seen and touched the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and knew that he was flesh and blood. So, they demanded an angel to be sent as a Prophet to them. Thus, asserting that an angel is more suitable for the job of Prophet-hood!!

The same can be said of those, who claim that Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was created from Nur (light), which is a characteristic of the angels and their argument is also somewhat similar to that of the Arab disbelievers, - 'How could the Prophet be a human being (i.e., flesh and blood)?'


Thus, both reject an important characteristic of the Prophets that they were all humans and Allah says in the Qur'aan:

(Qur'an 10:2) أَكَانَ لِلنَّاسِ عَجَبًا أَنْ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ رَجُلٍ مِّنْهُمْ أَنْ أَنذِرِ النَّاسَ وَبَشِّرِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنَّ لَهُمْ قَدَمَ صِدْقٍ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ ۗ قَالَ الْكَافِرُونَ إِنَّ هَـٰذَا لَسَاحِرٌ مُّبِينٌ
Is it a wonder for mankind that We have sent Our Revelation to a man from among themselves (i.e. Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) (saying): "Warn mankind (of the coming torment in Hell), and give good news to those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and in His Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) that they shall have with their Lord the rewards of their good deeds?" (But) the disbelievers say: "This is indeed an evident sorcerer (i.e. Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and the Qur'an)!
کیا اس بات سے لوگوں کو تعجب ہوا کہ ہم نے ان میں سے ایک شخص کے پاس وحی بھیج دی کہ سب آدمیوں کو ڈرائے اور جو ایمان لائیں انہیں یہ خوشخبری سنائے کہ انہیں اپنے رب کے ہاں پہنچ کر پورا مرتبہ ملے گا کافر کہتے ہیں کہ یہ شخص صریح جادوگر ہے


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

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