The Father particle physics and Nuclear Research in Pakistan Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhri


Councller (250+ posts)
The Father of particle physics and Nuclear Research in Pakistan Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhri

The nation owes a lot to his man,the real father of particle physics and nuclear research in Pakistan. He worked hard till his last breath at age 85. Please read the full article on wikipedia as it is very revealing and provides an insight into our history.


Professor Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry or R. M. Chaudhry (July 1, 1903- December 4, 1988), FPAS HI, NI, SI, Skdt, was a Pakistani nuclear physicist and a professor of particle physics at the Government College University.[SUP][1][/SUP] He is best known and widely regarded as the pioneer of experimental nuclear physics research in Pakistan. [SUP][2][/SUP] He is considered one of the main wings and instruments of Pakistan's nuclear weapons research program. Along with Dr. Abdus Salam and Dr. Ishrat Hussain Usmani, Dr. Rafi built and orchestrated Pakistan's nuclear research program.
While serving as Professor of nuclear physics at Government College University; Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry and his students became prime instruments for the development of Pakistan's nuclear research program during the 1970s. In an interview with a group of journalists, Dr. Samar Mubarakmand, one of his students, called Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry as "the true father of the Pakistan's nuclear weapons programme".[SUP][3][/SUP][SUP][4][/SUP] To his student, he is often considered as the "Father of Nuclear Physics in Pakistan" due to his pioneering research work in nuclear physics in Pakistan.[SUP][3][/SUP][SUP][5]

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Science have no value in pakistan ?

Pakistan denounces famed physicist linked to God particle over religious beliefs
The Associated Press
Monday, Jul. 9, 2012
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan The pioneering work of Abdus Salam, Pakistans only Nobel laureate, helped lead to the apparent discovery of the subatomic God particle last week. But the late physicist is no hero at home, where his name has been stricken from school textbooks.
Praise within Pakistan for Salam, who also guided the early stages of the countrys nuclear program, faded decades ago as Muslim fundamentalists gained power. He belonged to the Ahmadi sect, which has been persecuted by the government and targeted by Taliban militants who view its members as heretics.
Their plight along with that of Pakistans other religious minorities, such as Shiite Muslims, Christians and Hindus has deepened in recent years as hardline interpretations of Islam have gained ground and militants have stepped up attacks against groups they oppose. Most Pakistanis are Sunni Muslims.
Abdus Salam. Wikimedia Commons

Salam, a child prodigy born in 1926 in what was to become Pakistan after the partition of British-controlled India, won more than a dozen international prizes and honours. In 1979, he was co-winner of the Nobel Prize for his work on the so-called Standard Model of particle physics, which theorizes how fundamental forces govern the overall dynamics of the universe. He died in 1996.
Salam and Steven Weinberg, with whom he shared the Nobel Prize, independently predicted the existence of a subatomic particle now called the Higgs boson, named after a British physicist who theorized that it endowed other particles with mass, said Pervez Hoodbhoy, a Pakistani physicist who once worked with Salam. It is also known as the God particle because its existence is vitally important toward understanding the early evolution of the universe.
Physicists in Switzerland stoked worldwide excitement Wednesday when they announced they have all but proven the particles existence. This was done using the worlds largest atom smasher at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, or CERN, near Geneva.
This would be a great vindication of Salams work and the Standard Model as a whole, said Khurshid Hasanain, chairman of the physics department at Quaid-i-Azam University in Islamabad.
In the 1960s and early 1970s, Salam wielded significant influence in Pakistan as the chief scientific adviser to the president, helping to set up the countrys space agency and institute for nuclear science and technology. Salam also assisted in the early stages of Pakistans effort to build a nuclear bomb, which it eventually tested in 1998.
Salams life, along with the fate of the three million other Ahmadis in Pakistan, drastically changed in 1974 when parliament amended the constitution to declare that members of the sect were not considered Muslims under Pakistani law.
Ahmadis believe their spiritual leader, Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, who died in 1908, was the Promised Messiah a position rejected by the government in response to a mass movement led by Pakistans major Islamic parties. Most Muslims consider Muhammad the last prophet and those who subsequently declared themselves prophets as heretics.
All Pakistani passport applicants must sign a section saying the Ahmadi faiths founder was an impostor and his followers are non-Muslims. Ahmadis are prevented by law in Pakistan from posing as Muslims, declaring their faith publicly, calling their places of worship mosques or performing the Muslim call to prayer. They can be punished with prison and even death.
Salam resigned from his government post in protest following the 1974 constitutional amendment and eventually moved to Europe to pursue his work. In Italy, he created a centre for theoretical physics to help physicists from the developing world.
Although Pakistans then-president, general Zia ul-Haq, presented Salam with Pakistans highest civilian honour after he won the Nobel Prize, the general response in the country was muted. The physicist was celebrated more enthusiastically by other countries, including India.
Despite his achievements, Salams name appears in few textbooks and is rarely mentioned by Pakistani leaders or the media. By contrast, fellow Pakistani physicist A.Q. Khan, who played a key role in developing the countrys nuclear bomb and later confessed to spreading nuclear technology to Iran, North Korea and Libya, is considered a national hero.
Officials at Quaid-i-Azam University had to cancel plans for Salam to lecture about his Nobel-winning theory when Islamist student activists threatened to break the physicists legs, said his colleague Hoodbhoy.
The way he has been treated is such a tragedy, said Hoodbhoy. He went from someone who was revered in Pakistan, a national celebrity, to someone who could not set foot in Pakistan. If he came, he would be insulted and could be hurt or even killed.
The president who honoured Salam would later go on to intensify persecution of Ahmadis, for whom life in Pakistan has grown even more precarious. Taliban militants attacked two mosques packed with Ahmadis in Lahore in 2010, killing at least 80 people.
Many Ahmadis have received letters from fundamentalists since the 2010 attacks threatening to target them again, and the government isnt doing anything, said Qamar Suleiman, a spokesman for the Ahmadi community.
For Salam, not even death saved him from being targeted.
Hoodbhoy said his body was returned to Pakistan in 1996 after he died in Oxford, England, and was buried under a gravestone that read First Muslim Nobel Laureate. A local magistrate ordered that the word Muslim be erased.
Posted in: News Tags: Science & Health, World,God Particle, Higgs Boson, Pakistan


I think the guy did great service to humanity in science. The man was a Genius not only in science but he avoided his entry into Pakistani history books this alone qualifies him for another Nobel prize. There is nothing worthwhile in that History .


Politcal Worker (100+ posts)
The real heroes of Pakistan are Abdus Salam, Rafi Muhammad, A Q Khan and others like them. They did something for Pakistan and mankind overall. What have the politicians and religious political leaders of Pakistan done for this country? They have produced talibans and suicide bombers and ... (the list is long). So long as memory of people like Abdus Salam are kept away from our kids, we will continue to die like we are today.


Councller (250+ posts)
What interested me in the Wikipedia post was the struggle between India and newly formed Pakistan over resources. This person was one of the resources Jawahalal Nehru and Quaid-e-Azam struggled over and personally making request to join India or Pakistan.