775 Coffins: BOSNIA Marks (1995) 15th Anniversary Of Srebrenica Massacre !!!

Knowledge Seeker

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775 coffins: Bosnia marks 1995 Srebrenica massacre
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Muslim women mourn by the coffins of 775 newly identified victims of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, lined up for a joint burial in Potocari on Sunday. Each year, bones are matched to a name and buried in a mass funeral on July 11, the anniversary of the Srebrenica massacre of up to 8,000 Muslim men and boys by Bosnian Serb forces. (Reuters)

By RADUL RADOVANOVIC | AP
Published: Jul 12, 2010 01:44 Updated: Jul 12, 2010 01:53

SREBRENICA, Bosnia-Herzegovina: Hoisting hundreds of coffins aloft, a line of weeping relatives stretched for at least a mile (1.6 kilometers) Sunday as they honored Srebrenica massacre victims on the 15th anniversary of the worst atrocity in Europe since World War II.

A whole hillside in the eastern Bosnian town was dug out with graves, waiting for 775 coffins covered in green cloths to be laid to rest at the biggest Srebrenica funeral so far.

Still, that was less than a tenth of the total number of Muslim men and boys executed after Serb forces overran the UN-protected town on July 11, 1995, during the 1992-1995 Bosnian war.

"I grew up without a father and I don't even remember him," said 16-year-old Hajro Ibrahimovic.

When the procession reached the hill, some 60,000 people splintered into rivulets as relatives sought the exact grave for their loved ones. The sound of dirt pounding against the coffins' wooden lids echoed over the valley, as two announcers, one male and one female, solemnly read out the names of the victims being buried.

That took 64 minutes.

On that fateful day in 1995, some 30,000 Bosnian Muslims had flocked to the UN military base in the town's suburb of Potocari for refuge. But when Serb forces came, they forced outnumbered Dutch peacekeepers to open the gates.

The Serbs then separated out the Muslim men and boys, putting them on trucks and carting them away, the vast majority never to be seen again. The Dutch peacekeepers lived.

The Srebrenica memorial center now stands across the road from that former UN base.

Andrew Gilmour, the special representative of Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in Bosnia, represented the UN at the event, and other UN Officials also attended, said Nick Birnback, spokesman for the UN Peacekeeping department. Ban plans to reaffirm the United Nations' sorrow over what took place in Srebrenica at a commemorative event Monday, a spokesman said.

The youngest victim buried Sunday was 14, the oldest 78, joining nearly 4,000 already buried at the memorial center.

All the bodies had been excavated from mass graves and identified through DNA tests.

Another 1,844 victims have been identified, but their skeletons consist only of a few bones and relatives are refusing to bury them before more fragments are found.

Several months after the massacre, Serb troops excavated the original mass graves with bulldozers and moved victims to other locations in a futile effort to conceal the evidence of war crimes. As the machines plowed up bodies, they ripped them apart and fragments of the same person can be scattered among several sites.

Before the funeral, Muslim prayers and weeping mixed with the speeches of dignitaries condemning the crimes and calling for the perpetrators to be punished something victims' families noted would not change the suffering they have endured.

Ahmet Cesko, 58, managed to evade being killed at Srebrenica by fleeing to government territory through the woods amid a manhunt by Serb troops. He came to pay his respect to comrades who did not survive the dangerous five-day hike.

Serb ambushes were set mainly next to creeks, he recalled, "like when you hunt animals, you wait next to water holes." "Some of those I saw lying by the water I now see in coffins," he said.

Serbian President Boris Tadic was the first dignitary to arrive Sunday, saying he was coming in an "act of reconciliation." Some in the crowd yelled "Bravo, Boris!" while others asked "Where is Mladic?" a reference to former Bosnian Serb general Ratko Mladic, who led the Serb troops into Srebrenica.

"I wish to welcome you, we are receiving you in peace," Kada Hotic, a representative of the Srebrenica widows, told Tadic while he held her hands.

Mladic and former Bosnian Serb president Radovan Karadzic were indicted with genocide for the Srebrenica massacre by the UN war crimes tribunal in 1995. Karadzic is now on trial at the tribunal in The Hague while Mladic is still a fugitive, presumably hiding in Serbia.

Tadic said he "will do everything" to apprehend all war crimes suspects in Serbia.

Other guests included Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Slovenian President Danilo Tuerk, Montenegrin President Filip Vujanovic, Austrian diplomat and Bosnia's administrator, Valentin Inzko, French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner and representatives of the European Union.

The US ambassador to Bosnia, Charles English, read a message from President Barack Obama that urged "governments to redouble their efforts" and arrest those responsible for the war crimes at Srebrenica.

Obama called the Srebrenica genocide a "stain on our collective consciousness" that occurred even after decades of pledges of "never again" after Nazi atrocities during World War II.

The Bosnian Serbs were represented at the ceremony by a low-level delegation, headed by the deputy president of their ministate within Bosnia. In a deliberate snub, Karadzic's Serb Democratic Party honored him Saturday at a ceremony marking the 20th anniversary of the party's founding.

All but one of the victims buried Sunday were Muslims.

Rudolf Hren's grave will so far be the only one marked with a Catholic cross.

"They asked me if I wanted him to be buried elsewhere because this is mainly a Muslim graveyard," said his mother, Barbara Hren. "He died with them. Let him rest with them."


Source:http://arabnews.com/world/article82837.ece
 
Fawad Digital Outreach Team US State Department



امريکی حکومت نے بوسنيا کی تعمير نو کے لیے قريب ايک بلين ڈالرز کی مدد فراہم کی تھی۔ ڈيٹن پيس ايکارڈ کی حمايت ميں يو ايس ايڈ کے زير نگرانی امريکہ کی بيرون ملک امداد کے پروگرام کے ذريعے ايک مستحکم، جمہوری ،لسانی تضادات سے پاک اور آزاد معيشت کے حامل بوسنيا کی تشکيل ميں ہر ممکن مدد کی گئ ہے۔ اس کے علاوہ ديگر جن شعبوں ميں امريکی مدد فراہم کی گئ ہے ان ميں انسانی حقوق، دہشت گردی کے سدباب، کسٹمز، اسٹيٹ بارڈر سروس کے علاوہ معيشت کی اصلاح کے لیے تجاويز اور مدد شامل ہے۔

سال 1996 سے 2000 تک يو ايس ايڈ کی مد ميں 890 ملين ڈالرز کی امداد کے دو اہم مقاصد تھے۔ جنگ کے نتيجے ميں تباہ شدہ عمارات کی مرمت کر کے بے دخل ہونے والے مہاجرين کی آباد کاری کے ذريعے نسلی امتياز کا خاتمہ کرنا اور نجی شعبے ميں چھوٹے اور درميانے درجے کے کاروبار کی ازسر نو بحالی کے لیے سرمايہ مہيا کرنا تاکہ بينکنگ کے سسٹم کو پھر سے اپنے پيروں پر کھڑا کيا جا سکے۔


سال 2001 سے 2005 کے درميان يو ايس ايڈ مہيا کيے جانے والے 200 ملين ڈالرز کے تين اہم مقاصد تھے جن ميں اقليتوں کی آبادکاری، معاشی نظام کی بحالی اور جمہوری اداروں کی تنظيم نو شامل تھی۔ سال 2005 تک زيادہ تر متاثرين اور مہاجرين اپنے گھروں کو لوٹ چکے تھے۔ يو اين ايچ سی آر کے اندازے کے مطابق قريب دو ملين مہاجرين ميں سے 1 ملين اپنے سابقہ گھروں ميں آباد کيے جا چکے تھے۔ 99 فيصد مہاجرين کے زمينی حقوق بحال کيے جا چکے تھے۔


ميں نے جن امدادی کاروائيوں کا خلاصہ بيان کيا ہے، اس کی تفصيلات آپ اس دستاويز میں ديکھ سکتے ہيں۔





فواد ڈيجيٹل آؤٹ ريچ ٹيم يو ايس اسٹيٹ ڈيپارٹمينٹ




 

Night-Hawk

Senator (1k+ posts)
Fawad Digital Outreach Team US State Department



امريکی حکومت نے بوسنيا کی تعمير نو کے لیے قريب ايک بلين ڈالرز کی مدد فراہم کی تھی۔ ڈيٹن پيس ايکارڈ کی حمايت ميں يو ايس ايڈ کے زير نگرانی امريکہ کی بيرون ملک امداد کے پروگرام کے ذريعے ايک مستحکم، جمہوری ،لسانی تضادات سے پاک اور آزاد معيشت کے حامل بوسنيا کی تشکيل ميں ہر ممکن مدد کی گئ ہے۔ اس کے علاوہ ديگر جن شعبوں ميں امريکی مدد فراہم کی گئ ہے ان ميں انسانی حقوق، دہشت گردی کے سدباب، کسٹمز، اسٹيٹ بارڈر سروس کے علاوہ معيشت کی اصلاح کے لیے تجاويز اور مدد شامل ہے۔

سال 1996 سے 2000 تک يو ايس ايڈ کی مد ميں 890 ملين ڈالرز کی امداد کے دو اہم مقاصد تھے۔ جنگ کے نتيجے ميں تباہ شدہ عمارات کی مرمت کر کے بے دخل ہونے والے مہاجرين کی آباد کاری کے ذريعے نسلی امتياز کا خاتمہ کرنا اور نجی شعبے ميں چھوٹے اور درميانے درجے کے کاروبار کی ازسر نو بحالی کے لیے سرمايہ مہيا کرنا تاکہ بينکنگ کے سسٹم کو پھر سے اپنے پيروں پر کھڑا کيا جا سکے۔


سال 2001 سے 2005 کے درميان يو ايس ايڈ مہيا کيے جانے والے 200 ملين ڈالرز کے تين اہم مقاصد تھے جن ميں اقليتوں کی آبادکاری، معاشی نظام کی بحالی اور جمہوری اداروں کی تنظيم نو شامل تھی۔ سال 2005 تک زيادہ تر متاثرين اور مہاجرين اپنے گھروں کو لوٹ چکے تھے۔ يو اين ايچ سی آر کے اندازے کے مطابق قريب دو ملين مہاجرين ميں سے 1 ملين اپنے سابقہ گھروں ميں آباد کيے جا چکے تھے۔ 99 فيصد مہاجرين کے زمينی حقوق بحال کيے جا چکے تھے۔


ميں نے جن امدادی کاروائيوں کا خلاصہ بيان کيا ہے، اس کی تفصيلات آپ اس دستاويز میں ديکھ سکتے ہيں۔





فواد ڈيجيٹل آؤٹ ريچ ٹيم يو ايس اسٹيٹ ڈيپارٹمينٹ





I wish Americans pursue the same policy across the Islamic world. This philanthropic drill was viewed with accolade. But a holistic approach is needed rather than a piecemeal one. The latter always creates doubts in the minds of Muslims. There are conspiracy theorists, who say that Americans did that because of their strategic interests in Balkans i.e. to break apart Yugoslavia and minimize imminent Russian influence. Others feel that it was a move to shrink Russian sphere of influence and expand NATO. If this is not so, then lets find the truth right from the horse's mouth. :)
 
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