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View Full Version : Discover the Holy Quran, Surah 4. An-Nisa' Verses 87-114



taul
06-Nov-2009, 02:57 AM
---In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.



87- Allah. There is no god but He: of a surety He will gather you together against the Day of judgment, about which there is no doubt. And whose word can be truer than Allah.s?

88- Why should ye be divided into two parties about the Hypocrites? Allah hath upset them for their (evil) deeds. Would ye guide those whom Allah hath thrown out of the Way? For those whom Allah hath thrown out of the Way, never shalt thou find the Way.

89- They but wish that ye should reject Faith, as they do, and thus be on the same footing (as they): But take not friends from their ranks until they flee in the way of Allah (From what is forbidden). But if they renegades, seize them and slay them wherever ye find them; and (in any case) take no friends or helpers from their ranks;-

90- Except those who join a group between whom and you there is a treaty (of peace), or those who approach you with hearts restraining them from fighting you as well as fighting their own people. If Allah had pleased, He could have given them power over you, and they would have fought you: Therefore if they withdraw from you but fight you not, and (instead) send you (Guarantees) of peace, then Allah Hath opened no way for you (to war against them).

91- Others you will find that wish to gain your confidence as well as that of their people: Every time they are sent back to temptation, they succumb thereto: if they withdraw not from you nor give you (guarantees) of peace besides restraining their hands, seize them and slay them wherever ye get them: In their case We have provided you with a clear argument against them.

92- Never should a believer kill a believer; but (If it so happens) by mistake, (Compensation is due): If one (so) kills a believer, it is ordained that he should free a believing slave, and pay compensation to the deceased's family, unless they remit it freely. If the deceased belonged to a people at war with you, and he was a believer, the freeing of a believing slave (Is enough). If he belonged to a people with whom ye have treaty of Mutual alliance, compensation should be paid to his family, and a believing slave be freed. For those who find this beyond their means, (is prescribed) a fast for two months running: by way of repentance to Allah. for Allah hath all knowledge and all wisdom.

93- If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (For ever): And the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful penalty is prepared for him.

94- O ye who believe! When ye go abroad in the cause of Allah, investigate carefully, and say not to any one who offers you a salutation: "Thou art none of a believer!" Coveting the perishable goods of this life: with Allah are profits and spoils abundant. Even thus were ye yourselves before, till Allah conferred on you His favours: Therefore carefully investigate. For Allah is well aware of all that ye do.

95- Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt, and those who strive and fight in the cause of Allah with their goods and their persons. Allah hath granted a grade higher to those who strive and fight with their goods and persons than to those who sit (at home). Unto all (in Faith) Hath Allah promised good: But those who strive and fight Hath He distinguished above those who sit (at home) by a special reward,-

96- Ranks specially bestowed by Him, and Forgiveness and Mercy. For Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

97- When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against their souls, they say: "In what (plight) Were ye? They reply: "Weak and oppressed Were we in the earth. "They say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to move yourselves away (From evil)?" Such men will find their abode in Hell,- What an evil refuge! -

98- Except those who are (really) weak and oppressed - men, women, and children - who have no means in their power, nor (a guide-post) to their way.

99- For these, there is hope that Allah will forgive: For Allah doth blot out (sins) and forgive again and again.

100- He who forsakes his home in the cause of Allah, finds in the earth Many a refuge, wide and spacious: Should he die as a refugee from home for Allah and His Messenger, His reward becomes due and sure with Allah. And Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

101- When ye travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayers, for fear the Unbelievers May attack you: For the Unbelievers are unto you open enemies.

102- When thou (O Messenger. art with them, and standest to lead them in prayer, Let one party of them stand up (in prayer) with thee, Taking their arms with them: When they finish their prostrations, let them Take their position in the rear. And let the other party come up which hath not yet prayed - and let them pray with thee, Taking all precaution, and bearing arms: the Unbelievers wish, if ye were negligent of your arms and your baggage, to assault you in a single rush. But there is no blame on you if ye put away your arms because of the inconvenience of rain or because ye are ill; but take (every) precaution for yourselves. For the Unbelievers Allah hath prepared a humiliating punishment.

103- When ye pass (Congregational) prayers, celebrate Allah.s praises, standing, sitting down, or lying down on your sides; but when ye are free from danger, set up Regular Prayers: For such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times.

104- And slacken not in following up the enemy: If ye are suffering hardships, they are suffering similar hardships; but ye have Hope from Allah, while they have none. And Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.

105- We have sent down to thee the Book in truth, that thou mightest judge between man, as guided by Allah. so be not (used) as an advocate by those who betray their trust;

106- But seek the forgiveness of Allah. for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

107- Contend not on behalf of such as betray their own souls; for Allah loveth not one given to perfidy and crime:

108- They may hide (Their crimes) from men, but they cannot hide (Them) from Allah, seeing that He is in their midst when they plot by night, in words that He cannot approve: And Allah Doth compass round all that they do.

109- Ah! These are the sort of men on whose behalf ye may contend in this world; but who will contend with Allah on their behalf on the Day of Judgment, or who will carry their affairs through?

110- If any one does evil or wrongs his own soul but afterwards seeks Allah.s forgiveness, he will find Allah Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

111- And if any one earns sin. he earns it against His own soul: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.

112- But if any one earns a fault or a sin and throws it on to one that is innocent, He carries (on himself) (Both) a falsehood and a flagrant sin.

113- But for the Grace of Allah to thee and his Mercy, a party of them would certainly have plotted to lead thee astray. But (in fact) they will only Lead their own souls astray, and to thee they can do no harm in the least. For Allah hath sent down to thee the Book and wisdom and taught thee what thou knowest not (before): And great is the Grace of Allah unto thee.

114- In most of their secret talks there is no good. But if one exhorts to a deed of charity or justice or conciliation between men, (Secrecy is permissible): To him who does this, seeking the good pleasure of Allah, We shall soon give a reward of the highest (value).


May Allah Help us act upon the guidance we receive from the Holy Quran.

patriot
06-Nov-2009, 08:08 AM
4:87 God! There is no god but He. He will summon all of you on the Day of Resurrection about the advent of which there is no doubt. Who can tell you a more reliable Hadith (saying) than God?

4:88 Then, how could you be of two minds about the hypocrites, seeing that God has disowned them because of their own guilt? Can you guide anyone against God’s Law? Do you seek to find a way of enlightenment for those who violate God’s Laws of Guidance?
[The Law: Using the faculties of perception and reasoning, keeping an open mind - and freedom from prejudice, arrogance, and blind following will help people to recognize the Truth. 7:173, 7:179, 17:36, 27:80-81, 30:22, 37:113, 40:35, 56:79]

4:89 They (these hypocrites) wish that you reject Faith as they have rejected, and become equal to them. So, do not consider them friends unless they practically demonstrate that they have changed, and move along with you in the Way of God. But if they turn back, resuming their behavior of being with you in word, and against you in action, (they are more dangerous than your open enemies). Then subdue them regardless of which group they belong to, and choose no friend or helper from among them.

4:90 Do not fight the hypocrites who join a people with whom you have signed a peace treaty. And do not fight those who come to you wishing not to fight you or their believing relatives. Had God willed they could have fought you. Therefore, if they leave you alone, and offer you peace, God has opened no way for you but the way of peace. [Your prime duty remains the establishment and defense of the Divine Order in which there is no room for revenge. 24:22]

4:91 You will find others who desire peace for their people and make peace with you. But at the slightest opportune moment they come to fight against you. If they neither leave you alone, nor offer peace, nor hold their hands, subdue them regardless of which group they belong to. In their case, God has given you a clear Authority to fight.

4:92 It is not conceivable that a believer will slay another believer unless it be a mistake. If one kills a believer by mistake, there is the duty of freeing a believing person from bondage; may it be slavery, extreme poverty, crushing debt or oppression. And pay compensation to the victim's family unless they forgo it by way of charity. In case the victim was a believer, and belonged to a tribe who are at war with you, free a believing person from bondage. If the victim was a believer, and belonged to a tribe with whom you have a peace treaty, you should pay the compensation to his family in addition to freeing a believing person from bondage. For those who find this settlement beyond their means, two consecutive months of Abstinence, as in the month of Ramadhan, are ordained by way of repentance from God. And God is the Knower, the Wise.

4:93 Whoever slays a believer intentionally, his or her maximum punishment, considering the circumstances, is up to capital punishment (2:178, 5:32-33). His requital shall be Hell, therein to abide, and God will condemn him, and reject him and prepare for him awful suffering.
[Unjust killing of any human being, regardless of color, creed, religion or sex is a grievous offense that is tantamount to slaying the entire humankind (5:32). Hence, the offender shall be punished accordingly. Intentional murder of any human being is also a crime against the State, therefore, the State would be responsible for tracing, and bringing the offender to justice. Qisaas = The duty of tracing an offender for just recompense]

4:94 O You who have chosen to be graced with belief! When you go forth in the Cause of God (to meet the armed challenge), use your discernment. And do not say, out of a desire for the fleeting gains of this worldly life, to anyone who offers you the greeting of peace, “You are not a believer.” For with God are abundant gains. Remember, once you were ignorant, and you were weak like the disbelievers are now. God has been Gracious to you, so be gracious to His servants (9:128, 90:17). Use your discernment. God is always Aware of what you do.

4:95 Those believers who sit back, except for a disability, are not equal in ranks to those who strive with their wealth and person in the Cause of God. God has granted a grade higher to those who strive with their wealth and person than that granted those who remain passive. Although God has promised the ultimate good to all believers, yet God has exalted with immense reward those who strive, above the ones who sit back at home.

4:96 The higher ranks come from Him, as well as forgiveness and Grace. God is ever Forgiving, Merciful.

4:97 As for those who wrong their own ‘self’ by not striving until the angels (the Laws of death) approach them, they are asked, “What kept you occupied?” They say, “We were weak and oppressed in the land.” The angels say, “Was not the earth of God spacious enough for you to migrate?” As for such, their habitation will be Hell, a miserable destination.

4:98 Exempted are the feeble, whether men or women, and children who are unable to devise a plan and to find a way out.

4:99 There is room in God’s Law for absolving their inabilities. God is indeed the Absolver of imperfections, Forgiver.

4:100 Anyone who emigrates in the Cause of God, will find that God has placed refuge and abundance on earth. Whoever forsakes his home, as 'an immigrant to God and His Messenger', and death overtakes him, his reward is then incumbent upon God. God is ever Forgiving, Merciful (the Protector and Provider of Guidance).

4:101 When you go forth in the land, there is no blame on you if you shorten the congregations of prayers, if you fear that the unbelievers may attack you. Surely, the rejecters are an open enemy to you.

4:102 When you (O Messenger) are with them and establish the congregations of Salaat for them, let some of them stand with you, and let them take their arms. Then, after they have received all instructions, let them fall to the rear and let another party come that has not received instructions. Let them take precautions and their arms. The disbelievers want you to neglect your arms and your baggage that they may attack you once for all. There is no harm for you to lay aside your arms if rain impedes you or if you are ill. But take all possible precaution. Certainly, God has prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating chastisement.

4:103 Be mindful of God’s Commands whatever state you are in, standing, sitting or lying down. And when you are once again secure, establish the congregations of Salaat. Joining the congregations of Salaat at the times appointed by the Central Authority is a duty unto believers.
[verses 4:101-103 indicate two units of Namaz (the ritual Salaat) and that it will always be congregational. Half of Namaz will be one unit only. Salaat = Closely following commands]

4:104 Do not show weakness in pursuing the enemy. If you suffer hardship they too suffer hardship, but you have hope to receive God’s reward that they cannot rightfully hope. God is the Knower, the Wise.

4:105 We have sent down the Book to you (O Prophet) in absolute Truth. Rule and judge among people according to what God has shown you (in this Revelation) You shall not advocate for those who are known to have violated their pledges and trusts and betrayed the works assigned to them.

4:106 Pray to God that the betrayers and the hypocrites mend their ways and thus become worthy of forgiveness (4:81). God is Forgiving, Merciful.

4:107 (You may pray for their Guidance but) do not plead on behalf of the people who have betrayed their own ‘self’. God loves not one who drags down his own humanity by betraying his pledges, duties and trusts.

4:108 They seek to hide from people and do not seek to hide from God! He is with them when they discuss and plot by night what He dislikes. And God encompasses with His knowledge all they do.

4:109 You contend on their behalf in this world. But who will contend with God for them on the Resurrection Day? Or who will be their defender?

4:110 Anyone who transgresses against his or her own ‘self’, then seeks God’s forgiveness, will find God Forgiving, Merciful.
[The way to achieve God’s forgiveness (protection from the detriment of violations) is repentance (returning to the right path), taking corrective action (Islaah), and restoring human rights. 4:17, 11:114]

4:111 Whoever earns a violation against the Permanent Values, earns it against his own ‘self’. God is the Knower, Wise. [He grants you knowledge and wisdom]

4:112 And whoever commits a fault or such violation, but throws the blame on the innocent, burdens himself with slander and a clear violation that drags down the ‘self’.

4:113 But for the Grace of God upon you (O Prophet), a party among them were bent upon diverting you, but they only misled themselves. They cannot hurt you at all. He has given you the Book and Wisdom. He teaches you what you did not know. (Contrary to blind faith, the use of Reason empowers you with Conviction.) God’s Grace upon you is Infinite. [12:108]

4:114 There is no good in most of their secret meetings. Nevertheless, if one exhorts to a deed of charity or virtue, or reconciliation between people: whoever does this seeking the good pleasure of God, We shall soon bestow a great reward on him.